Well there are some spectacular buildings, but have you ever wondered why they are built in that way?
Math and architecture are very closely linked that one might discover if they can read about.
- The Great Pyramid of Giza, Cairo, Egypt
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Oldest and the largest of the three pyramids as well as the tallest man-made structure in the world for nearly 3,800 years but there is surely plenty of math behind one of the seven wonders of the Ancient World.
Well the pyramid’s perimeter is 365.4 which is twice the number of days in the year. The perimeter of the pyramid is divided by twice its height which is equal to pi (3.1416). King’s Chamber measurements are based on a Pythagorean triangle (3, 4, 5)
- Taj Mahal, Agra, India
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This one is sitting at the top of various travelers’ wish lists. Taj Mahal in India is a delight for tourists with various waiting to get that iconic photo in front of this beautiful building. Taj Mahal is a great example of line symmetry with two lines, one vertical down the middle of the Taj and one along the waterline showing the reflection of the prayer towers in the water.
- The Eden Project, Cornwall, UK
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In South West England in the year 2001, there is the Eden Project and is known to be UK’s most popular tourist attractions. Visitors come to check out what is inside, greenhouses- geodesic domes made up of hexagonal and pentagonal cells.
‘ The Core’ was added to the site in the year 2005, which is an education center showing the relationship between plants and people. The building has taken inspiration from the plants with the help of Fibonacci numbers.
- Parthenon, Athens, Grecce
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This was constructed in 430 or 440 BC on the Ancient Greek ideals of harmony which is reflected in the building’s perfect proportions. The width to height ratio is of 9:4 reflected in the vertical and horizontal proportions of temple as well as other relationships of the building like spacing between the columns.
It has also been suggested that the proportion of the Parthenon are based on the Golden Ratio found in rectangle with sides are 1:1.618.
The Ancient Greeks were resourceful in the search for beauty and they knew if the columns were made completely straight as an optical illusion would make them seem thinner in the middle so they managed this by making their columns thicker in the middle.
- The Gherkin, London, UK
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The unusual design features of the Gherkin like the round building bulge in the middle, the narrow taper at the top as well as spiraling design. Create an impact in more ways than this might be possible. Well the cylindrical shape minimizes whirlwinds which can form at the base of large buildings as predicted by computer modeling with the use of math of turbulence.
Bulging middle and tapered top will give illusion of a shorter building which does not block sunlight maximizing natural ventilation and saving on air conditioning with lighting and heating bills. This one is built with the help of CAD (Computer Aided Design) and parametric modeling being a distinctive feature in London’s city skyline.